ROLE OF BIOINFORMATICS IN FORENSIC SCIENCE
Bioinformatics, an emerging powerful science gradually enfolds all sorts of sciences under its huge banner; Forensic Sciences being one of them. With the passing time the productiveness, efficacy and virtue of Bioinformatics based tools is taking over the Forensic Sciences and research. Whether it be declaration via extracting the tiniest DNA from the tiniest microbial sample, DNA profiling, gender identification or the most advanced Automatic Fingerprint Recognition System, computational tools are aiding the Forensics in every possible way. Furthermore, Next Generation Sequencing technology along with the epigenetic studies gives rise to a vast research domain by simultaneously analyzing multiple loci that are of forensic interest in multiple genetic contexts. The paper evaluates then boosting influence of computation on this immensely significant field, especially in terms of law and order. A series of physical evidences are put up for the critical analysis that reveal pros and cons and definitely the efficacy of the techniques that are being implemented including DNA profiles, STR profiles, AFSR algorithms, sequencing, computer review, storing DNA evidence, Next Generation Sequencing and others.