DERMATOPHYTES, THE CAUSAL ORGANISMS OF DERMATOMYCOSIS: AN OVERVIEW
Dermatophytes are the group of fungi which causes superficial fungal infections in human beings and animal through out the world. They are closely related group of keratinophilic fungi that can invade keratinized tissues of humans and animals such as skin, nails and hairs and have the ability to utilize a unique enzyme that is keratinase. Worldwide millions of people are affected by these fungal infections. Dermatophytes are responsible for most superficial fungal infections. Superficial fungal infections are very common in children. Three most common genera of dermatophytes which belong to class Hyphomyctetes of Deutromycota (imperfect fungi, are Tricho phyton, Epidermophyton and Microsporum. Fungal diseases are predominant in tropical and subtropical countries, especially in tropical countries like Pakistan and India due to the hot and humid climate.