KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE REGARDING INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE OBESE: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY AMONG PHYSICAL THERAPISTS
The frequency of obesity has risen around the world. Individuals in the world are in danger of developing various comorbidities, for example, cardiovascular disease, diabetes etc. This article describes the knowledge, attitudes, and practice with regards to physiotherapists in Pakistan concerning the treatment of individuals who are obese. The objective of current study is to identify physiotherapists’ knowledge, attitude and practice about weight gained and physical activity of obese individuals. This cross-sectional KAP study is conducted on the operating government and private field physical therapists by the students of physiotherapy IPM&R, DUHS Karachi. Non-probability purposive sampling approach is used for sampling. Sample size of 124 participants is calculated simply by online software Open Epi. To gather data, an adopted questionnaire was used while study duration was three months. Data was collected from IPM & R, Dow University of Health Sciences, DUH Ojha Campus, Dr Ziauddin Hospital, JPMC, SMBB Trauma Centre, Rabia Moon (Trust), MMI hospital, Dewan University, Indus Hospital, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Agha Khan University Hospital, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT). In this study 126 physiotherapists took part. According to most of physical therapists, physical inactivity (85%), high fat diet (81%) and overeating (80.2%) are the main reasons that cause obesity and the combination of diet and exercise are considered as essential treatment. Majority of physiotherapists recommend exercising more (81%) and would never recommend clients for bariatric surgery (42.9%) as a part of their practice. Regarding the knowledge, participants cannot differentiate between clinical definitions of obesity and overweigh. The result concluded that physical therapist indicated that there is inverse relationship between physical activity and weight gain. Calorie intake restriction combined with increase physical training represents an effective approach to increase weight loss and reduce fat mass in obese individuals. There is a need and strongly recommended education programs to enhance physical therapists’ knowledge about obesity.